Home/Jack Mostow

Jack Mostow

Research Professor Emeritus, RI
Email: jmostow@andrew.cmu.edu
Office: NSH 3113
Phone: (412) 268-1330
Personal Homepage
Administrative Assistant: Lynnetta J. Miller

My current interest is using computers to listen to children read aloud. The Reading Tutor adapts automated speech recognition to analyze oral reading. The Reading Tutor responds with spoken and graphical assistance modeled in part after expert reading teachers, but adapted to the strengths and limitations of the technology. Experimental use of the Reading Tutor in elementary school classrooms has produced gains in reading. My previous work in artificial intelligence included machine learning, automated replay of design plans, and discovery of search heuristics.

Project LISTEN offers exciting opportunities for interdisciplinary research in speech and language technologies, cognitive and motivational psychology, human-computer interaction, computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, machine learning, graphic design, and of course reading.

Additional Interests

Publications

Improving Child Literacy in Africa: Experiments with an Automated Reading Tutor
G. Ayorkor Korsah, Jack Mostow , M Bernardine Dias, Tracy Morrison Sweet, Sarah M. Belousov, Malcolm Frederick Dias and Haijun Gong

Information Technologies & International Development June, 2010

Improving Child Literacy in Africa: Experiments with an Automated Reading Tutor
G. Ayorkor Korsah, Jack Mostow , M Bernardine Dias, Tracy Morrison Sweet, Sarah M. Belousov, Malcolm Frederick Dias and Haijun Gong

3rd IEEE/ACM International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development (ICTD2009) April, 2009

Does help help? Introducing the Bayesian Evaluation and Assessment methodology
Joseph E. Beck, K.-m. Chang, Jack Mostow and Albert Corbett

report_number 9th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems June, 2008

DeSIGN: An Intelligent Tutor to Teach American Sign Language
Ling Xu, Vinithra Varadharajan, Joyce Maravich, Rahul Tongia and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the SLaTE Workshop on Speech and Language Technology in Education. Carnegie Mellon University and International Speech Communication Association (ISCA). October, 2007

Automatically assessing oral reading fluency in a computer tutor that listens
Joseph E. Beck, P. Jia and Jack Mostow

Technology, Instruction, Cognition and Learning January, 2004

Using automated questions to assess reading comprehension, vocabulary, and effects of tutorial interventions
Jack Mostow , Joseph E. Beck, Juliet Bey andrew Cuneo, J. Sison, Brian Tobin and Joseph Valeri

Technology, Instruction, Cognition and Learning January, 2004

When the Rubber Meets the Road: Lessons from the In-School Adventures of an Automated Reading Tutor that Listens
Jack Mostow and Joseph E. Beck

Scale-Up in Education January, 2007

Can automated questions scaffold children’s reading comprehension?
Joseph E. Beck, Jack Mostow and Juliet Bey

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems September, 2004

Lessons on using ITS data to answer educational research questions
Cecily Heiner, Joseph E. Beck and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the ITS2004 Workshop on Analyzing Student-Tutor Interaction Logs to Improve Educational Outcomes August, 2004

Some useful design tactics for mining ITS data
Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the ITS2004 Workshop on Analyzing Student-Tutor Interaction Logs to Improve Educational Outcomes August, 2004

If I Have a Hammer: Computational Linguistics in a Reading Tutor that Listens
Jack Mostow

42nd Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL-EACL 2004) July, 2004

Which Help Helps? Effects of Various Types of Help on Word Learning in an Automated Reading Tutor that Listens
Jack Mostow , Joseph E. Beck and Cecily Heiner

Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading June, 2004

Using automated speech recognition to measure scaffolding and learning effects of word identification interventions in a computer tutor that listens
Joseph E. Beck, J. Sison and Jack Mostow

Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading June, 2004

Improving the Help Selection Policy in a Reading Tutor that Listens
Cecily Heiner, Joseph E. Beck and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the InSTIL/ICALL Symposium on NLP and Speech Technologies in Advanced Language Learning Systems June, 2004

Experience from a Reading Tutor that listens: Evaluation purposes, excuses, and methods
Jack Mostow

Interactive Literacy Education: Facilitating Literacy Environments Through Technology January, 2008

Faster, better task choice in a reading tutor that listens
Gregory Aist and Jack Mostow

The Path of Speech Technologies in Computer Assisted Language Learning: From Research Toward Practice January, 2008

4-Month Evaluation of a Learner-controlled Reading Tutor that Listens
Jack Mostow , Gregory Aist, Cathy Huang, Brian Junker, Rebecca Kennedy, Hua Lan, DeWitt Talmadge Latimer, R. O'Connor, R. Tassone, Brian Tobin and A. Wierman

The Path of Speech Technologies in Computer Assisted Language Learning: From Research Toward Practice January, 2008

Improving Language Models by Learning from Speech Recognition Errors in a Reading Tutor that Listens
S. Banerjee, Jack Mostow , Joseph E. Beck and W. Tam

Second International Conference on Applied Artificial Intelligence December, 2003

Evaluating the Effect of Predicting Oral Reading Miscues
S. Banerjee, Joseph E. Beck and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (Eurospeech 2003) September, 2003

Training a Confidence Measure for a Reading Tutor that Listens
Y.-C. Tam, Joseph E. Beck, Jack Mostow and S. Banerjee

Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (Eurospeech 2003) September, 2003

Can automated questioning help children’s reading comprehension?
Joseph E. Beck, Jack Mostow andrew Cuneo and Juliet Bey

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED2003) July, 2003

Project LISTEN’s Reading Tutor: Interactive Event Description
Jack Mostow and Joseph E. Beck

Supplemental Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED2003) July, 2003

An Embedded Experiment to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Vocabulary Previews in an Automated Reading Tutor
Jack Mostow , Joseph E. Beck, Juliet Bey andrew Cuneo, J. Sison and Brian Tobin

Tenth Annual Meeting of the Society for Scientific Studies of Reading June, 2003

Assessing student proficiency in a Reading Tutor that listens
Joseph E. Beck, P. Jia and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on User Modeling June, 2003

Predicting student help-request behavior in an intelligent tutor for reading
Joseph E. Beck, P. Jia, J. Sison and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on User Modeling June, 2003

Can Automated Emotional Scaffolding Affect Student Persistence? A Baseline Experiment
Jack Mostow , Joseph E. Beck and J. Valeri

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Assessing and Adapting to User Attitudes and Affect: Why, When and How?" at the 9th International Conference on User Modeling (UM'03) June, 2003

Evaluation of an automated Reading Tutor that listens: Comparison to human tutoring and classroom instruction
Jack Mostow , Gregory Aist, Paul Burkhead, A. Corbett andrew Cuneo, S. Eitelman, Cathy Huang, Brian Junker, Mary Beth Sklar and Brian Tobin

Journal of Educational Computing Research January, 2003

Viewing and Analyzing Multimodal Human-computer Tutorial Dialogue: A Database Approach
Jack Mostow , Joseph E. Beck, R. Chalasani andrew Cuneo and P. Jia

Fourth IEEE International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2002) October, 2002

A Reading Coach that Listens [VIDEO]
Jack Mostow , Steven F. Roth, Alex Hauptmann, M. Kane, A. Swift, Lin Chase and B. Weide

Twelfth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI94) January, 1994

Project LISTEN’s Reading Tutor Is Helping Me Learn to Read [VIDEO]
Jack Mostow

January, 1998

Looking Ahead to Select Tutorial Actions: A Decision-Theoretic Approach
R.C. Murray, K. VanLehn and Jack Mostow

International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education January, 2004

Evaluation of an automated Reading Tutor that listens: Comparison to human tutoring and classroom instruction
Jack Mostow , Gregory Aist, Paul Burkhead andrew Cuneo, S. Eitelman, Cathy Huang, Brian Junker, Mary Beth Sklar and Brian Tobin

Journal of Educational Computing Research January, 2002

Predicting oral reading miscues
Jack Mostow , Joseph E. Beck, Sylvia V. Winter, S. Wang and Brian Tobin

Seventh International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP-02) September, 2002

A La Recherche du Temps Perdu, or As Time Goes By: Where does the time go in a Reading Tutor that listens?
Jack Mostow , Gregory Aist, Joseph E. Beck, R. Chalasani andrew Cuneo, P. Jia and K. Kadaru

Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS'2002) June, 2002

Viewing and Analyzing Multimodal Human-computer Tutorial Dialogue: A Database Approach
Jack Mostow , Joseph E. Beck, R. Chalasani andrew Cuneo and P. Jia

ITS 2002 Workshop on Empirical Methods for Tutorial Dialogue Systems June, 2002

Adding Human-Provided Emotional Scaffolding to an Automated Reading Tutor that Listens Increases Student Persistence
Gregory Aist, B. Kort, R. Reilly, Jack Mostow and R. Picard

Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS'2002) June, 2002

Automated Comprehension Assessment in a Reading Tutor
Jack Mostow , Brian Tobin and Andrew Cuneo

ITS 2002 Workshop on Creating Valid Diagnostic Assessments June, 2002

Can a Reading Tutor that Listens use Inter-word Latency to Assess a Student’s Reading Ability?
P. Jia, Joseph E. Beck and Jack Mostow

ITS 2002 Workshop on Creating Valid Diagnostic Assessments June, 2002

Experimentally Augmenting an Intelligent Tutoring System with Human-Supplied Capabilities: Adding Human-Provided Emotional Scaffolding to an Automated Reading Tutor that Listens
Gregory Aist, B. Kort, R. Reilly, Jack Mostow and R. Picard

ITS 2002 Workshop on Empirical Methods for Tutorial Dialogue Systems June, 2002

Independent practice versus computer-guided oral reading: Equal-time comparison of sustained silent reading to an automated reading tutor that listens
Jack Mostow , Gregory Aist, J. Bey, Paul Burkhead andrew Cuneo, Brian Junker, Susan M. Rossbach, Brian Tobin, J. Valeri and S. Wilson

Ninth Annual Meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading June, 2002

A hands-on demonstration of Project LISTEN’s Reading Tutor and its embedded experiments
Jack Mostow , Gregory Aist, Juliet Bey, Paul Burkhead andrew Cuneo, Susan M. Rossbach, Brian Tobin, Joe Valeri and Sara Wilson

The Second Meeting of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics June, 2001

A Decision-Theoretic Approach for Selecting Tutorial Discourse Actions
R. Charles Murray, Kurt Van Lehn and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the NAACL 2001 Workshop on Adaptation in Dialogue Systems June, 2001

Pause the Video: Quick but quantitative expert evaluation of tutorial choices in a Reading Tutor that listens
Jack Mostow , Cathy Huang and Brian Tobin

Proceedings of the Tenth Artificial Intelligence in Education (AI-ED) Conference May, 2001

A controlled evaluation of computer- versus human-assisted oral reading
Jack Mostow , Gregory Aist, Paul Burkhead, Albert Corbett andrew Cuneo, S. Eitelman, Cathy Huang, Brian Junker, B. Platz, Mary Beth Sklar and Brian Tobin

Proceedings of the Tenth Artificial Intelligence in Education (AI-ED) Conference May, 2001

A Decision-Theoretic Architecture for Selecting Tutorial Discourse Actions
R.C. Murray, K.V. Lehn and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the AIED-2001 Workshop on Tutorial Dialog Systems May, 2001

Mining a database of reading mistakes: For what should an automated Reading Tutor listen?
James Fogarty, Laura Dabbish, David M. Steck and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the Tenth Artificial Intelligence in Education (AI-ED) Conference May, 2001

Balancing Learner and Tutor Control by Taking Turns: Faster and Better Mixed-Initiative Task Choice in a Reading Tutor that Listens
Gregory Aist and Jack Mostow

Speech Technology for Language Learning January, 2001

Computer-assisted oral reading helps third graders learn vocabulary better than a classroom control – about as well as one-on-one human-assisted oral reading.
Gregory Aist, Jack Mostow , Brian Tobin, Paul Burkhead andrew Cuneo, Brian Junker and Mary Beth Sklar

Proceedings of the Tenth Artificial Intelligence in Education (AI-ED) Conference January, 2001

4-Month Evaluation of a Learner-controlled Reading Tutor that Listens
Jack Mostow , Gregory Aist, Cathy Huang, Brian Junker, Rebecca Kennedy, Hua Lan, DeWitt Latimer IV, Rollanda O'Connor, Regina Tassone, Brian Tobin and Adam Wierman

Speech Technology for Language Learning January, 2001

Evaluating tutors that listen: An overview of Project LISTEN
Jack Mostow and Gregory Aist

Smart Machines in Education: The coming revolution in educational technology. January, 2001

Improving story choice in a reading tutor that listens
Gregory Aist and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS?2000) June, 2000

Using Automated Within-Subject Invisible Experiments to Test the Effectiveness of Automated Vocabulary Assistance
Gregory Aist and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of ITS'2000 Workshop on Applying Machine Learning to ITS Design/Construction, Fifth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems June, 2000

Giving Help and Praise in a Reading Tutor with Imperfect Listening – Because Automated Speech Recognition Means Never Being Able to Say You’re Certain
Jack Mostow and Greg Aist

CALICO Journal January, 1999

Measuring the Effects of Backchanneling in Computerized Oral Reading Tutoring
Gregory Aist and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the ESCA Workshop on Prosody and Dialog September, 1999

Reading and Pronunciation Tutor
Jack Mostow and Gregory Aist

United States Patent No. 5,920,838 July, 1999

Authoring New Material in a Reading Tutor that Listens
Jack Mostow and Gregory Aist

Proceedings of the Sixteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-99) July, 1999

Guiding Spoken Dialogue with Computers by Responding to Prosodic Cues
Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the NSF Human-Computer Interaction Grantees Workshop (HCIGW99) February, 1999

Collaborative Research on Learning Technologies: An Automated Reading Assistant That Listens
Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the NSF Human-Computer Interaction Grantees Workshop (HCIGW99) February, 1999

Collaborative Research on Learning Technologies: An Automated Reading Assistant That Listens
Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the NSF Human-Computer Interaction Grantees Workshop (HCIGW99) February, 1999

How effective is unsupervised data collection for children’s speech recognition?
Gregory Aist, Peggy Chan, X.D. Huang, L. Jiang, Rebecca Kennedy, DeWitt Talmadge Latimer, Jack Mostow and Calvin Yeung

International Conference on Speech and Language Processing (ICSLP98) December, 1998

Estimating the Effectiveness of Conversational Behaviors in a Reading Tutor that Listens.
Gregory Aist and Jack Mostow

AAAI Spring Symposium on Applying Machine Learning to Discourse Processing March, 1998

When Listening Is Not Enough: Potential Uses of Vision for a Reading Tutor that Listens.
John Kominek, Gregory Aist and Jack Mostow

AAAI Spring Symposium on Intelligent Environments March, 1998

When Speech Input is Not an Afterthought: A Reading Tutor that Listens
Gregory Aist and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the Workshop on Perceptual User Interfaces October, 1997

Adapting Human Tutorial Interventions for a Reading Tutor that Listens: Using Continuous Speech Recognition in Interactive Educational Multimedia
Gregory Aist and Jack Mostow

CALL'97 Conference on Multimedia September, 1997

A Database of Children’s Speech
Jack Mostow and

Proceedings of the NSF Human-Computer Interaction Grantees Workshop (HCIGW97) August, 1997

Collaborative Research on Learning Technologies: An Automated Reading Assistant That Listens
Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the NSF Human-Computer Interaction Grantees Workshop (HCIGW97) August, 1997

Collaborative Research on Learning Technologies: An Automated Reading Assistant That Listens
Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the NSF Human-Computer Interaction Grantees Workshop (HCIGW97) August, 1997

Guiding Spoken Dialogue with Computers by Responding to Prosodic Cues
Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the NSF Human-Computer Interaction Grantees Workshop (HCIGW97) August, 1997

Pilot Evaluation of Project LISTEN’s Reading Tutor [VIDEO]
Jack Mostow

July, 1997

The Sounds of Silence: Towards Automated Evaluation of Student Learning in a Reading Tutor that Listens
Jack Mostow and Gregory Aist

Proceedings of the Fourteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-97) July, 1997

A Reading Tutor that Listens [VIDEO]
Jack Mostow

DARPA CAETI Community Conference November, 1996

Guiding Spoken Dialogue with Computers by Responding to Prosodic Cues
Jack Mostow and

Proceedings of NSF Interactive Systems Program Grantees Workshop November, 1995

Demonstration of a Reading Coach that Listens
Jack Mostow , A.G. Hauptmann and Steven F. Roth

Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology November, 1995

A Prototype Reading Coach that Listens
Jack Mostow , Steven F. Roth, A. G. Hauptmann and M. Kane

Proceedings of the Twelfth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-94), American Association forArtificial Intelligence August, 1994

A Prototype Reading Coach that Listens: Summary of Project LISTEN
A. G. Hauptmann, Jack Mostow , Steven F. Roth, M. Kane and A. Swift

Proceedings ARPA Workshop on Human Language Technology March, 1994

Speech Recognition Applied to Reading Assistance for Children: A Baseline Language Model
A. G. Hauptmann, Lin Chase and Jack Mostow

Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH93) September, 1993

Towards a Reading Coach that Listens: Automated Detection of Oral Reading Errors
Jack Mostow , A. G. Hauptmann, Lin Chase and Steven F. Roth

Proceedings of the Eleventh National Conference on ArtificialIntelligence (AAAI93), American Association for Artificial Intelligence July, 1993

Getting Computers to Listen to Children Read: A New Way to Combat Illiteracy [VIDEO]
Jack Mostow , Steven F. Roth, Alex Hauptmann, M. Kane, A. Swift, Lin Chase and B. Weide

July, 1993

Mailing Address:

Carnegie Mellon University
Robotics Institute
5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213

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